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Cultural advice

Dwarf Box From Willows Nursery

DWARF BOX  Box is a slow-growing, evergreen, native plant, dense in habit with small dark green glossy foliage. This form of Box is a slower growing cultivar valued as an excellent formal edging/low hedging plant, as well as being suited to topiary as it responds very well to clipping. For larger hedges (say, more than 18 inches/45cm) and topiary designs Buxus Sempervirens (Common Box) is a more popular choice.

Planting :
Dwarf Box is very hardy and will grow in almost any soil type - however, there should be reasonable drainage and the soil should not have a tendency to dry out.

The planting site should ideally be prepared in advance.  On poorer soils forking in well-rotted manure or other organic matter will help to improve soil structure  and on heavy soils working in coarse grit will improve drainage. 
Well worked in bonemeal may also assist plant establishment.

Box is also happy in full sun or deep shade 

Spacing : To calculate the number of plants needed for a border edging or a knot garden design we recommend a planting distance for Dwarf Box of 15 cm (6") apart.  At that planting distance they should have filled out sufficiently to close the gaps in between over a period of 2 or so years.


Care & Maintenance :
Our plants are lifted from nursery beds  and sent bare rooted - the bare roots should be soaked before planting out and the plants should then be well watered in, ensuring that the soil does not dry out during establishmentMulching will limit water evaporation and help to suppress weeds.

Although fairly slow growing, the plants should be pruned and clipped to encourage compact/dense growth, preferably twice a year between May and September.  Cutting back by up to one third is acceptable.

A balanced general feed is recommended in the Spring, particularly if pot grown as specimens, or closely planted for hedging.  A Summer  feed to ensure good colour and health would also be beneficial, especially in poorer soils.


Problems :
If our general planting advice is followed, there should be very few growth problems, as Box is very hardy and tolerant.

However, be aware, as indicated above, that problems can arise because of too little or too much water.  Foliage will turn yellow/orange as an indicator of stress.  If there is a dry spell - especially when the plants are getting established - make sure that the plants are kept well watered.  Box will also not tolerate waterlogging - take action to improve drainage to known problem areas before planting.

 White or yellow marking on the leaf margins indicates that the plants are short of nutrients.  A general feed in the Spring should solve/avoid this sign of stress.


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